ILUMASS: Integrated Land-Use Modelling and Transportation System Simulation (2001-2007)
In the ILUMASS project (Integrated Land Use Modelling and Transportation System Simulation), seven German research institutes developed an integrated, end-to-end microscopic simulation model of land use, transport and environmental impacts in urban regions. The ILUMASS model is divided into three model components:
(1) The land use component is based on the land use part of the IRPUD model developed at the Institute of Spatial Planning at the University of Dortmund, but is microscopically analogous to the transport parts in ILUMASS. The land use part contains sub-models of demographic development, household structure, business development cycles, locations of residential and commercial buildings, small-scale job mobility of employees in a model of the regional labour market and small-scale household mobility in a model of the regional housing market.
2) The transport part of ILUMASS models the daily mobility of people based on a microscopic model for generating activity patterns and the resulting routes as well as freight flows coupled with a microscopic traffic flow model.
(3) The environmental part of ILUMASS models the environmental impacts of modelled transport and land use in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, traffic noise and visible impacts of transport and selected land use emissions.
The ILUMASS model was calibrated with data from the Dortmund urban region in the eastern Ruhr area and tested in experimental scenarios of land use and transport development in the region.
ILUMASS was a collaboration of seven research institutions in Germany, the Institute for Spatial Planning at the University of Dortmund (IRPUD), Spiekermann & Wegener, Stadt- und Regionalforschung (S&W), Dortmund, the Centre for Applied Informatics at the University of Cologne (ZAIK), the Institute for Urban Planning and Urban Transport (ISB) at RWTH Aachen University, the Institute for Theoretical Psychology at the Otto Friedrich University in Bamberg, the Department of Environmentally Compatible Infrastructure Planning and Urban Development (LUIS) at the University of Wuppertal and the Institute of Transport Research at the German Aerospace Center (DLR), Berlin, under the project management of DLR.
An overview of the work status of the project is given in the following sections
Wagner, P., Wegener, M. (2007): Urban land use, transport and environment models: experiences with an integrated mircroscopic approach. disP 170 (3/2007), 45-56.
Beckmann, K.J., Brüggemann, U., Gräfe, J., Huber, F., Meiners, H., Mieth, P., Moeckel, R., Mühlhans, H., Schaub, H., Schrader, R., Schürmann, C., Schwarze, B., Spiekermann, K., Strauch, D., Spahn, M.,, Wagner, P., Wegener, M. (2007): ILUMASS: Integrated Land-Use Modelling and Transport System Simulation. Endbericht. Berlin: Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR).
Strauch, D., Moeckel, R., Wegener, M., Gräfe, J., Mühlhans, H., Rindsfüser, G., Beckmann, K.-J. (2005): Linking transport and land use planning: the microscopic dynamic simulation model ILUMASS. In: Atkinson, P.M., Foody, G.M., Darby, S.E., Wu, F. (Hg.): Geodynamics. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 295-311.
Land use components
The microsimulation components of the land use part of the ILUMASS model are described in
Moeckel, R., Schwarze, B., Wegener, M. (2006): The ILUMASS project: Microsimulation of spatial, demographic and economic development. Stadt Region Land 81, 53-61.
Moeckel, R., Schwarze, B., Spiekermann, K., Wegener, M. (2004): Microsimulation of low-traffic settlement structures. Stadt Region Land 77, 187-196.
Moeckel, R., Schwarze, B., Spiekermann, K., Wegener, M. (2004): GIS und Stadtsimulationsmodelle - Vorbereitung, Modellierung und Nachbereitung von räumlichen Daten in der Stadtsimulation. In: Strobel, J., Blaschke, T., Griesebner, G. (Eds.): Angewandte Geoinformatik 2004. Beiträge zum 16. AGIT-Symposium Salzburg. Heidelberg: Herbert Wichmann Verlag, 462-467.
Moeckel, R., Spiekermann, K., Wegener, M. (2003): Creating a synthetic population. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management (CUPUM). Sendai: Center for Northeast Asian Studies.
Schürmann, C., Moeckel, R., Wegener, M. (2002): Microsimulation of urban land use. In: Proceedings of the 42nd Congress of the European Regional Science Association (ERSA). Dortmund: ERSA.
The microscopic model of life cycles and small-scale mobility of businesses is described in
Moeckel, R. (2007): Business Location Decisions and Urban Sprawl. A Microsimulation of Business Relocation and Firmography. Dortmunder Beiträge zur Raumplanung 126. Dortmund: Institute for Spatial Planning, University of Dortmund.
The small ILUMASS-Modell
For test purposes, S&W implemented the small ILUMASS model in cooperation with the Institute of Spatial Planning at the University of Dortmund, a reduced version of the ILUMASS model in which the elaborate microscopic traffic simulation was replaced by the existing more aggregated traffic model of the IRPUD model. The small ILUMASS model is described in
Wegener, M. (2008): Multi-scale spatial models: linking macro and micro. Präsentation am Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London, 9. Januar 2008.
Moeckel, R., Schwarze, B., Spiekermann, K., Wegener, M. (2007): Microsimulation for integrated urban modelling. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management (CUPUM 2007), Iguassu Falls, Brasilien.
Moeckel, R., Schwarze, B., Spiekermann, K., Wegener, M. (2007): Simulating interactions between land use, transport and environment. Proceedings of the 11th World Conference on Transport Research. Berkeley, CA: University of California at Berkeley.